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Tax proposals: How they will affect you

New Delhi: Higher tax exemption limit for individuals, significant benefits for senior citizens, retention of service tax at 10 percent and withdrawal of some duty exemptions were some of the major tax-related highlights of the Budget 2011-12 presented by Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee Monday.

Direct tax: Individuals

  • Threshold income tax limit raised from Rs 1.6 lakh to Rs 1.8 lakh for individual tax papers.
  • For senior citizens, the qualifying age reduced to 60 years and exemption limit raised to Rs 2.50 lakh from current Rs 2.40 lakh.
  • New special category for citizens over 80 years -exemption limit of Rs 5 lakh.
  • Exemption for women tax payers kept unchanged at Rs 1.90 lakh

    Direct tax: Companies

  • Surcharge for companies cut to 5 per cent, from 7.5 per cent.
  • New revised income tax return form `Sugam` to be introduced for small tax papers.
  • Minimum alternate tax raised from 18 per cent to 18.5 per cent of book profits.
  • Service tax retained at 10 percent; duty exemptions to be withdrawn on various items.
  • Net loss from direct tax proposals estimated at Rs 11,500 crore for the year.

    Indirect taxes:

  • Standard rate of central exercise duty maintained at 10 percent; no change in CENVAT rates.
  • Nominal one percent central excise duty on 130 items entering the tax net. Basic food and fuel and precious stones, gold and silver jewellery will be exempted.
  • Peak rate of customs duty maintained at 10 percent in view of the global economic situation.
  • Basic customs duty on agricultural machinery reduced to 4.5 percent from 5 percent.
  • Service tax widened to cover hotel accommodation above Rs 1,000 per day, A/C restaurants serving liquor, some category of hospitals, diagnostic tests.
  • Service tax on air travel increased by Rs 50 for domestic travel and Rs 250 for international travel in economy class. On higher classes, it will be ten per cent flat.
  • Excise and customs duty proposals to result in the net gain of Rs 7,300 crore.
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